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Anarkismens historia, del 3av3: Testamentet


Individualists, illegalists… …the anarcho-syndicalists, platformists… …christian anarchists or anarchoprimitivists. Anarchism has almost as many approaches as followers. And even if the day is insignificant was it once a dominant force. But when the first world war- -seems anarchism have lost almost all its influence. It is not only attacks and new laws that silences movement. Bombs are falling across Europe- -and kill, in some countries, almost a third of the workforce. And millions of people have but for life- and the priority is no longer the revolution. But in the outskirts of the industrialized west are the anarchists left. They take on the new up the fight for their ideals shall prevail. But anarchists can no longer just expect utopian solutions. During the interwar period, when stalinism and fascism arise- -and make theft and murder commonplace- -need the anarchists to fight a flerfrontskrig for their ideas. In this way, succeed anarchists
– despite the fact that we do not remember it in the day – lead- -some of the 1900-century’s most important revolutions- and in the red and black to write a new page in our history book. In North and south America, anarchists have been a part of the community for fifty years. They organise themselves through the Industrial Workers of the World in many countries. Anarchists fighting in the FORA in Argentina- and in Bolivia gives one FOI its rödsvarta flag. They carry out marches in Chile and here in Montevideo, Uruguay- -the resistance to the regimes in the Caribbean and the struggle for the independence of Cuba and Puerto Rico. In the US the protests on roller skates against unemployment- -and against the war with a dödskalleflagga. It is anarchists and not communists- -that really scares the authorities. In 1917, under a new witch-hunt, do you make huge massgripanden. Thousands of revolutionaries are being arrested for preventive purposes- -and is deported then with a boat called “the soviet ark.” Land of the fear freethinkers- and in the ragtimens era, with a cartoon in which it propagates. Movies similar to the anarchists in the rats that must be exterminated. And the sender is an industrial magnate, and later the cross. The american war against the syndicalists and in the labor movement–, was more intense than almost everywhere else in the western world. Authorities often collaborated with the mafia. They cooperated to crush the labour movement. Repression in the united states was strong and affected the Italian anarchists- -which then consisted of currents that were “antiorganisatoriska”. These people were advocates for the… …for example, the expropriation of property. The authorities took the opportunity to take advantage of the situation- -in order to criminalize the activists. It was Sacco and Vanzetti suffer. Sacco and Vanzetti were two common activists- -which is only memorable for what happened. They are followers of Luigi Galleani- -as advocated propaganda of the deed. He opposed syndicalism- -and saw the trade unions as dangerous- -because they were often hierarchical and bureaucratic- -and was likely to prevent the workers reached their goals. So he opposed the unions as a tool for revolution. Instead, he wanted to through the world, to bring about more revolts. Several dozen attacks directed against the representatives- -the billionaire Rockefeller and this attorney general Palmer. The authorities ‘ gaze immediately towards the movement led by Luigi Galleani. In his journal he is advocating- -direct and individually våldsanvändande. One of his writings had become popular- -bombtillverkningsmanual of the labor movement- -and his movement is late some years, popular in Italian circles. Sacco and Vanzetti belonged to the branch. They believed in the revolution, what was needed – the sooner the better. They did not know that they were arrested therefore. They think they are being arrested as part of a planning permission. They are very evasive during the interview and not completely truthful. And it presented against them during the trial. In the court in Boston, accusing the two men- -for two rånmord at the end of 1919. They are unpunished, but anarchism is used against them. The first is a trial among the many suddenly become policy. The case receives a lot of publicity. Extremely many closes up behind Sacco and Vanzetti. And this applies to the whole world. Trying to save them. For more and more people, not just anarchists-, but also of liberals and trade unions–begin to realize that the evidence does not agree. In the united states is trying to anarchists to bring the two prisoners released. On Wall Street carried out the first bilbombsattentat. 38 die and 200 injured, but they do not achieve much. Man fights legal and successful through the appeals- -to suspend executions in seven years. Defence committees see the light of day here and there. But even if these campaigns are started by anarchists -so is it anarchists the worst enemies that come to the duo’s defense. Ironically the communists their thing to the its. But at the same time kept the communists on the- -to the execution of anarchists in the Soviet union. So they had no brief for the Saccos and Vanzettis opinions. We know today that the man in Moscow decided- -that the two were portrayed as martyrs- -and have become symbols of the bourgeois and capitalist repression–, in the land which symbolized the capital, thus the united states. It gave them… …moral capital within a socialist – and arbetarkretsar… …when they stood up for these two doomed Italian-americans. They used the Sacco and Vanzetti case… …and used their martyrdom… …to promote their own interests, terrible enough. Unaware of the manipulation but aware of the injustice–go to the communist grassroots came out into the streets. People in Paris, Tokyo, Berlin, Sofia, Asuncion and London -protest against the executions of Sacco and Vanzetti. But it does not help. In spite of public anger… …was executed in the electric chair in 1927. It was devastating to the movement. The anarchist movement was crushed in the united states. It was only in the 1960s that it became a factor again. It will be a long time before the truth will emerge- -and the Massachusetts governor gives them redress- -and explains them entirely rentvådda. And fifty years after the death sentence- -when Joan Baez sings Vanzettis last words to the music of Ennio Morricone- -become anarchists funeral procession to a hymn for justice and freedom. This song is to you Nicola and Bart Rest in peace in our hearts Your last moment belongs to only you and the suffering is your victory Lots of anarchists out of their home countries. The case of Russian, american and Italian anarchists. Much less so in the liberal and democratic France. Many Italian anarchists settled actually there. The anarchists had hoped for a revolution after world war ii. Instead, they suffer from a huge setback. The question was then: “Why were we defeated?” Paris is once again the centre of the world. Montparnasse has taken over Montmartre’s role as an art city of paris. In the glow of the first neon lights- -let different artists are inspired by anarchist ideas. Marcel Duchamp calls itself the “anartist”- -and some dadaister publish their works in anarkisttidningar. Surrealist Breton argues that an anarchist world would be surreal. For both the Russian emigrant painter, anglo-saxon authors- -hard-to-classify people as Minced, Dubuffet, Vigo and Cocteau- -case that their art is affected by the scope of the freedom and upprorsanda. But far from banketterna has the labor movement- -with 1.5 million dead and 4 million wounded, had to pay a high price. And in patriotism following the victory, many turn away from anarchism. It is a new culture, which will of four years with a completely militarised society. It is not conducive to anarchism- and I don’t see it as a coincidence that the kind of arbetarideologi- -which occurs after the first world war, bolshevism- , which has a hierarchy that is reminiscent of the industry and the military. Despite large-scale strikes led by the syndicalists in the 1920s- -is France, and the labor movement on the road to change direction. When they form a communist party to succeed to the French marxist-leninist- -after the revolution in Russia and the Com – interns founding with the workers. They take over the anarchists organizations and deprive them of their symbols. International becomes, for example, the Soviet union’s national anthem. This fight, led by the leninists, harvests are also the victims. Two anarchists murdered in the street fighting for control of a fackföreningshus. As if that’s not enough there arises a new threat against the anarchists after the war. In order to mislead the workers and soothe the petty bourgeois- -changing capitalism’s form and turned to fascism. There were people who had participated in the war for several years. They had learned the war’s most terrible lesson, namely violence. Unlike the left’s subversive violence- -was carried out the fascist violence of professionals. They had learned of the war that the violence would be organized. The fascists are becoming more and more- -and trying to make the anarchists symbols to their. So is the case with Charles Maurras in Action française. They founded the Cercle Proudhon in order to attract workers. It will be the French revolution to the cradle. The former teacher, Benito Mussolini founds the National middle- -and dressing his militia in the anarchic black shirts. This socialistsonen felt some of the anarchist luminaries- -as the Lead Raffanelli, as he in his youth had a brief affair with. It is probably the origin of the rumor- il Duce before the war been an anarchist. There is an incredible anecdote that testifies of the Malatestas good flair. 1913 returned Malatesta to Italy. He went to Milan, where he met Mussolini during an hour-long meeting. Then they were ate. Of his future biographer, was Malatesta question- -how he saw Mussolini. “He is neither socialist or anarchist.” “It is a revolutionary which will let speak for itself.” You think you know that Mussolini translated Kropotkin from French to Italian. But Mussolini was never an anarchist. After the Malatestas experiences react the anarchists quickly on the dictators. They are the only ones to take arms against the threat. In Italy, performing Michele Schirru, Angelo Sbardellotto and Anteo Zamboni- -was and an assassination attempt on Mussolini. In Spain, the dictator Primo de Rivera exposed- and in France murdering Germaine Berton Action, As editor-in-chief. When the united states is going through a time of veritable apartheid-it is only the anarchists in the IWW as on the streets in the face the Ku Klux Klan. When Marinus van der Lubbe sets fire to the reichstag in Berlin–it is to protest against Hitler. But those who act individually are get- -and it is when discussing anti-fascism- -present what they see as the only answer to the threat. No more than a schematic, it was so that the anti-fascist front said- -that this was a minor problem. You must stand united to defeat fascism. When fascism was defeated they could fight among themselves. -about how society should be organized. This anarchists proposal was not accepted. They wanted to fight fascism- -with military means but also through a social revolution. The only way to basically combat fascism- -was to bring about a massive social revolution- -that would have knocked away the socio-economic base for fascism. In Paris was given in June 1926 a text out on how anarchists should organise themselves. It beats down like a bomb. Not only that anarchists do not want to organise themselves- -but who have written in. A person from the Ukraine, who now works in the Renault factory- -namely, the war scarred the Nestor Makno. Makhno to come to Paris after having been imprisoned in Romania and Poland. He will over a period of time- -then revolutionsidealen is on the decline- -because the tide has turned in Europe. The soviet union is depicted positively, for it to be communism’s ideals. The anarchists will therefore be very marginal. Some anarchists felt that the defeat was due to that you have been unorganized- -and not conversed with each other. It think among other things, the makhnovists, thus Makhnos followers. With Pyotr Arsjinov to produce documents where they advocate- -a structured anarchist organization- -that highlights the… the collective responsibility. For they argue that it is essential to be able to win the fight. “Anarchism is no abstract idea, but a movement for arbetarmassorna.” “It must have a permanent structure, which the class struggle requires.” “Here in we present an overall view of how the can see out.” “It must, above all, serve as a unifying force for the revolutionaries.” “It is time for anarchism to organize themselves.” “Long live the organized anarchism! Live anarkistunionen!” “Long live the workers’ samhällsrevolution!” Some see it as an imitation of the bolshevik party- -but such was the Makhnovshchina that the anarchist movement. They took away the artistically oriented anarchism- -the individualist anarchism and engaged in acts of terrorism. It is about the armed class struggle. But instead of the one anarchism- -causes Makhnos call a debate without end. People from all over the world are arguing, and the confusion increases. It just makes Makhnos followers than more convinced of the need to agree. Makhno gathered his followers outside Paris- and on march 20, 1927, an international conference at a movie theater. Among the participants are russians, italians, poles, and bulgarians- -and even the chinese, as the writer Ba Jin. But at that moment it is mainly Spain that interest Makhno. Why just Spain? Maybe for not liking the anarchists there… In Spain, gave socialism rise to anarchism. Anarchism is there not a branch of socialism- -without socialism which is anarchic. In Spain, anarchism has greater public support than in France and Italy. It has a popular basis, hundreds of thousands of activists. Among the supporters are an anarchist at around thirty years- -that takes him to Paris and get Makhnos attention. He called the Buenaventura The -and summarizes past experience and new opportunities. Here, tell of his terroristförflutna and on anarchism in Spain- -and describes the spirit of Catalonia and Aragon- -reminiscent of Ukraine. Impressed by his courage and intelligence- -promise Makhno to fight at his side at a potential Spanish revolution. The anarchists strive- -is a advanced ideal which requires a long preparation. In Spain, they had 70-80 years of preparation for war. So when the war broke out in Spain, people were prepared for a long time. The Spanish anarchists are prepared in 1936–it depends not only on the late last century, performing various propagandadåd. Examples include the assassination of prime 1912- -which is here reconstructed in a halvdokumentär film. It is not that some of the anarchist martyrs- -as Francisco Ferrer, the Spanish people. It is not due to anarkisttidningar use slogans from Mexico. Nor on the many revolts- -on the east coast of Spain, in Andalusia, La Rioja and Catalonia- -or Asturias, where a revolt is knocked down by a certain general Franco- -on the orders of the young democracy leaders. That the anarchists are prepared here, it depends on their good organization. First, within the framework of the Second international- -and later in the iberian anarchist federation FAI -and the national arbetarkonfederationen CNT- -at Franco’s coup is one of the world’s strongest trade unions. They were unique in Western europe. They were the leading syndicalist and social power. I do not say “political”, for it is unclear. They were well organized. It is estimated that at the end of 1936- -had the CNT is approximately 1.5 million members in the whole of Spain- -of which almost half were catalans. And it had only one paid officer. And it is incredible, if you think about it. A single salaried person in a large organization. In 1936, Makhno died, and Here, returned to Spain. There’s an election in Spain, and the anarchists, which does not set up- -are urging their supporters to vote for the Frente Popular. Thanks to the anarchists get left majority: Socialists, democratic republicans, and a few communists- -which represents a minority within the labor movement, was elected. The right wing reacts immediately. General Franco is trying to take control of the country. The civil war erupts. In July 1936, occurred since, as we know, Francisco Franco’s coup d’état. Spain is split in two, like an apple, in the progressives and the fascists. During the three years of the rivalry great. At statskupperna supports the oligarchs are fascists economically- -and the democrats abdicates. The government depart three times a day instead of mana to the resistance. The people may clear itself. Half the country is now governed by Franco. The anarchists call on the people to mobilise themselves. Everywhere hearken unto anarchists call. In Catalonia leads The defense of Barcelona- -and the anarchists defeat politically. “On the barricades”, CNT:s hymn Valeriano Orobón write in a few hours- -becomes kampsången for a whole people. Black storms dominate the sky Dark clouds prevent us to see Even if death and pain us threatens do we have against the enemy of our duty Columns is formed, and The appointed leader of a frivilligstyrka. It covers the three thousand, and the companies are named after anarkistmartyrer. Durrutis column to converge with others to combat the fascists. Inspired by Makhno hangs Here, to war and revolution at the same time. Res you, arbetarfolk to battle The reactionaries must be defeated To the barricades! To the barricades! The victory belongs to our confederation They force back the fascists, especially in Aragon. And when the columns for murdering a village- -face it also anarkokommunism. In each village, The column came to in Aragon- -declared for the farm workers that they could work collectively. You would remove the borders between the fields- -to create a large common ground. Where you could work in a team. The anarchists declare that the old privileges are no longer valid. In the squares replacing the new dances of the old klagosångerna. Couple is formed in the face of all, and sharing work, land and food. The old retire and you take time to live. Find new ways to organize society. Here, anarchism in the smallest detail. Direct democracy, läskunnighetskampanjer- -and 800 cities, towns and villages make common cause. One of history’s greatest kollektiviseringsförsök begins. There will be an explosion of new experiences. In countless communities. This is not only a small village, which prohibits payment. Now we have to invent a new society, for how to do have no written. For example, one starts with the familjelön. How the benefits it produces? After the individual’s effort? No, after the needs of the individual. It had banned the money. It seems absolutely incredible- -but millions of people were in on it. When these areas were liberated lost the priesthood its power. The oppressive rulers- -forced to work side by side with the workers. It doesn’t go well everywhere, for the man chasing the Guardia Civil- -and get rid of the village the fascists. And when Franco’s forces sometimes returning get the consequences. It is true that the churches suffered arson attacks. Priests were murdered also by the anarchists. It is not possible to deny that stuff like that happens when people take power. Bakunin himself said that when it becomes a revolution, it is inevitable- -to a hundred heads fall. Hundred is on the low side, especially as regards the fascists, their brutality. Thanks to the materials that Henry Ford send- -and thanks to the support of Italy and Kondorlegionen- -can Franco’s troops indulging in ideological cleansing. In Seville executes 8 000 people- and in the Guernica bombing to strike the population indiscriminately. Despite the violence becomes the anarchists to request for help from the borgardemokrater- -not hörsammad. But the anarchists get the help from the rest of the world- -where the lost are invited to participate in the fight. The French Sébastien Faure and Marius Jacob- -algeriern Mohamed Sail, argentinian Diego Abad de Santillán- -a belgian, Louis Mercier-Vega, king Georges Sossenko- -and Simone Weil, which is included in the Durrutis column- -and the 67-year-old Emma Goldman travels to Catalonia. People from all over the world come to support the revolution. The international fighters, as the IWW members in Lincolnbrigaden- -Malatestabataljonen and the French Louise Michelbataljonen- -immediately notice of how different it is in Spain. Regardless of whether they come from France, the united kingdom, the united states- or if there are people who have fled from Germany or Italy- -so they have never ever in their homeland- -encountered such a comprehensive anarchist movement. George Orwell describes it well. In the Uk he spent time most in trotskyist circles. When he comes to Barcelona, changing his view of the world. He hardly knew that there were anarchists, and so was the city. He describes it in “Homage to Catalonia”. “In theory, equality is absolute, and in practice, it was almost.” “We had a foretaste of socialism.” “Many of the everyday aspects no longer existed.” “Any ranking was almost gone.” “It was just peasants and we.” “And no one saw anyone else as his master.” When the international forces do anarchists joined at the front… …have the anarchists behind the front realized the importance of propaganda… …and start recording movies… …to show the hard fighting in Aragon. In this bildkriget, where the anarchists for the first time-filming- -looking to emphasise how their revolution is different. CNT:s cameramen show up a capital in revolt. The first story from the Barcelona- -is the CNT producing. They document what is happening on the street and the barricades. You could, for the first time show how it looks in a town that rebels. We get to see a city with a fascist basis. The revolutionary enthusiasm has no counterpart in the history of the world. The pictures show how extensive the anarchist revolution is. Amidst the rubble- -documenting the anarchists filmmakers in each phase of the transformation. This works to anarcho-syndicalism. All forms of unnecessary bureaucracy to be abolished. The decisions are taken in consultation, the tasks are performed in common- -and the means of production is kollektiviserade. Catalonia is Spain’s leading industrial region- -and more than 75 percent of the businesses are here directed. Trams and buses, restaurants, bakeries and slaughterhouses- -textile and läderbranscherna: Both small and large businesses are now governed collectively -without the production or the yield to deteriorate. Also the culture is affected by the revolution. Cinemas, orchestras and operas- -is now governed directly by the artists and technicians- -and they are all members of the CNT. The 67-year-old Emma Goldman come to Spain says: “Collectivization is the revolutionary era, the greatest success.” “Your revolution disproves the thesis that anarchism gives birth to chaos.” “Even if Franco would prevail…” “…will you bet never to be forgotten.” This means that anarchism works, but what does it mean? If the majority of the population share the anarchist principles- -is a society without authorities and government possible. At least one with little such control. Anarchism is the triumph of the will to expression one last time on november 4, 1936–, when the republicans in Madrid to form a new government. In order to collect antifascisterna against the Franco- -becomes for the first time ever, four anarchist ministers. It was not a decision that came from below- and behind the scenes, tried to get weapons to the militant groups. “I will help you if you help me.” The ministers had not much power. They had an instrumental function. They would check, with one foot inside the government- -that this did not make things contrary to anarchism. In practice milissoldaterna as much weapons as before. What milissoldaterna anbelangade it was a scam and a mistake. It was effectively a break- -between the organised workers and ministers. The anarchists begins to shatter. The communist party begins to gain increasing influence in the government, – -thanks to Stalin’s military support, and the use of fragmentation. It requires that the anarchists should be disarmed- -and then integrated into an army led by political commissioners. The four ministers will vote on the bill. Here, see it as treason: “Do your duty if you don’t want to be mistaken for the enemy.” “Right now wage war against the enemy at the front, but it is not the only one.” “The enemy is also those among us who oppose the revolution.” In stalinisternas and republics, eyes are Durrutis troops- -for strong and radical. You want to take back control. When they want to see radical changes in the reform proponents against themselves- -as well as the stalinists, advocates of a hierarchy, and the townspeople. There are many examples of regeringssidans dilemma. Many said that they preferred fascists, order before anarchy. In order to weaken the anarchists and The -the government sends his column to Madrid, which is besieged by Franco. The anarchists expect a trap, but Here, hopes to take the revolution to the capital. His death gives rise to wild rumors. He sits in a car -and want to see what happens outside. He gets out of the car- -and when he climbs into the car again he will die. He gets shot at. The first interpretation… …was that it was an assassination. He was shot at close range. It was murder. It was hypothesized that Franco’s supporters claimed. They said that they regeringssidan killed each other. The communists claimed the same thing. The anarchists were småborgerliga. “They kill each other.” I think it was an accident. In the car sat a man- -who had his submachine gun between his legs. The fuse didn’t work well. When The rises he gets shot. Here was such an important person during the war, and to say that he died- -because of the klantighet or a poorly manufactured weapons- -would be ridiculous. To date, it is the circumstances surrounding the Durrutis death unclear. His body was transported all the way to Barcelona. Over a half a million people take farewell of him on the road. It is the last time during the war, as anarchists gather in large numbers. Here was a symbol. When Here no longer exists- -loses anarchism its main face. Anarchism is the political theory that advocates the power’s repeal. It has no political strategy, unlike communism. The communists were 10 000, anarchists, hundreds of thousands- -but Russia was the only country which helped the population to the military- and in a year they manage to control the whole situation. Thus begins the great oppression that reaches its culmination- -in may 1937, when there will be direct clashes. Stuff like that had occurred in the past, but now the broken one revolution. It is in what has come to be called “the’ may days ‘insurrection in 1937”- -and that the film “Land and Freedom” partly depicts, as it takes place here. It all starts with the battle of Télefonica. Since the start of the revolution validates anarchist part of the country. The republicans want them out of there, and it gets spark. Barcelonaborna build barricades. Despite calls for calm–do they together with the trotskyists in the party POUM resistance- -against three thousand well-armed and trained police officers. The clashes are in a week. The coup was knocked down in a couple of days. But the fight between the grassroots and the management went on for seven days. A thousand people were killed and five hundred wounded. After the anarchists defeat and the repression that follows- -may the fascists go out in Barcelona. And the government is taking counter-revolutionary measures- -on the small territory it still controls. On 25 may, the exclusion of the anarchists from the folkdomstolarna. On June 6, forbids the government from all the collective farm. In the beginning of August, the dissolution of the Aragon defence council. At the end of August was banned criticism of the Soviet union. On January 6, 1938 prohibits the committees that give out the cash. During the course of the 1938 cancel the government all of the collectivisation- -and give the big landowners the ground again. The anarchist revolution is over in Spain. The Russian newspaper Pravda writes: “The purge of the anarchists has been carried out with the same energy as in the Ussr.” The civil war ends on april 1, 1939. Many anarchists ended up in concentration camps. Many of the victims. If you look at the number of members of the CNT, the FAI and the isle of youth Libertaria- -before the social revolution, and what remains- -immediately after the fascist victory, it is incredible. Much of the repression and the killing can be attributed to the fascists- -but also regeringssidan to a large extent- -who collaborated with the stalinists. It can all historians attest. The war in Spain is a traumatic period of 1900-century. It is, perhaps, no one comes to mind immediately- -but for me, it represents a turning point. It was bloody and terrible. They are abandoned by the democracies and the fascists and the nazis- and the Soviet union is doing everything for the experiment to fail. And it did it also. While crossing the Pyrenees together with the refugees on the road to the north- -ask the survivors why they lost- -and where and when they can resume the fight. If the anarchists had it hard after the first world war- -the situation was disastrous after the Spanish civil war. What would they now do? Would you make common cause with the bolsheviks? Become a fascist? Join the French army to fight the nazis? What is there to do? In april 1939, has the second world war has not yet begun. But in the French camp, where the Spanish refugees received–it is difficult for anarchists to feel hope. In particular, as the French prime minister Édouard Daladier- -ambassador of Spain appoints Philippe Petain- -as Léon Blum ironically called “the mänskligaste of our military leaders”. And the situation is difficult for all anarchists -for everywhere do motrevolutionen progress. Both in fascistländer as in the socialist republics and liberal democracies -may be fatal consequences. As the Memorial Day massacre in Chicago- -where the police shoot to death dozens of workers, among others.a. a woman and three children. In a world full of barbed wire- -are the anarchists among the first to fall victim. They are quickly arrested, deported or executed. For when capitalism break down- -will be the cure for the burghers to crush the revolutionaries. And the imperialists, which so love to talk about peace, prepare for war. The war in Spain was just a dress rehearsal. Non-angreppspakterna only reinforce the process initiated- -and the ever-stronger nationalism prevents the workers from uniting. It was important to get people to forget about the people that abolished the state- -and tried to build a better world. In the shadow of a new world war, that brings out the man’s worst sides- -and where the workers are recruited, fanatiseras or killed- -are no longer heard Durrutis last words: “We can continue to live miserable lives for a while longer…” “…but do not forget that it is we the workers who create wealth.” “We handle the machines, taking the coal out of the mines and build the towns.” “As a thank you, we get to the ruins, when the bourgeoisie try to destroy the world.” “But we do not fear the ruins, for in our hearts we carry a new world.” Translation: Markus Svensson www.btistudios.com

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