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Crocodile facts: 14 facts about Saltwater Crocodiles

The salt-water crocodile is the largest of
all crocodiles and the largest reptile in the world. The largest salt-water crocodile has been
reported to measure between 8 to 10 metres in length, however the average salt-water
crocodile measures around 6 metres. They have large heads and a darkened colour
with lighter undersides. Female salt-water crocodiles are generally
smaller than their male counterparts. They have long powerful tails with webbed
hind feet and powerful jaws. Their eyes, ears and nostrils are found on top of their heads
so that the crocodile c can remain submerged underwater whilst they are hunting prey. They
also have a valve at the back of their throat which lets them open their mouth without water
entering their throat. They feed on a variety of prey such as domestic
animals, wallabies, dingoes, and other small animals along with the occasional human if
it crosses its path. They are also known to eat stones and pebbles to help grind the food
in their stomachs. Their range overlaps with the Australian freshwater
crocodile, however, they are stronger and dominate their counterparts often killing
them. They enjoy living in brackish water and coastal
, rivers, swamps, lakes and marshes. They have a high tolerance for salt-water
and have salt excreting glands on their tongues. They are found in a number of areas such as
Sri Lanka, India, Northern Australia, and the Pacific Islands and into South East Asia. They are able to travel long distances over
sea, sometimes over a 1000 km. They breed in September and October in tidal
rivers or freshwater areas. The female can lay up to 90 eggs at a time.When the hatchlings
are born, the mother carries them to the water and will remain with them for several months
before they disperse. Saltwater crocodiles have been known to survive
for over 65 years.


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