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Tips for crystal clear saltwater aquarium glass ways keep it that way!

– Today in the five minute
saltwater aquarium guide, the glass is going to get dirty. Two questions, how do I clean it, and how do I reduce the
time between cleanings? All that’s coming up. (funky music) Hey, I’m Ryan, your host at BRStv in the five minute
saltwater aquarium guide. This is a clear,
simplified, and direct path to setting up that first successful tank. It’s time to talk glass cleaning. The challenge here is an
algae film grows on the glass and the number one thing that
makes the tank look dirty. For some people, this
happens every couple days. Others can go a week or
two between cleanings. Most of us would like to be the later. So there’s also the right
tool for the right job, which can make it a lot easier
to clean the glass as well. So what causes the algae
film growth on the glass? Three things, light, and an
elevated nitrate and phosphate from overfeeding or poor maintenance. Light, you really can’t
do a whole lot about because the corals need light. But the corals we selected here intentionally don’t need
as intense light as others, so you’re already gonna
be cleaning the glass less often than others. So what we were talking about is nitrate and phosphate levels. If they’re high, the green
algae film will grow faster than if they’re low, so let’s
keep them on the lower end. Starting with, if you
see the levels rising with your test kits,
then simply feed less. If you feed less, you’ll grow
less algae, it is that easy. If your levels are already
too high, you will need to do two to three larger
30% or so water changes to get them down, and then
feed less to keep them there. If you really like feeding the fish, and refuse to slow it down,
there are a few other options like upping your filtration
game, like a bigger skimmer, larger, more frequent water changes, add a refugium or
filtration medias like GFO, which reduces or removes
phosphate from the water. There are options, but just
start with feeding less if you see nitrate or
phosphate levels rising. It’s just the easiest method. For testing nitrate and
phosphate, the Nyos nitrate and Hanna ultra low
range phosphate checker being our two favorites. Another method to keeping
the algae film in check is the microscopic
troops that we discussed in phase two of the cycle, and
those heterotrophic bacteria that aggressively go after algae. Those who dose those types of bacteria, like MicroBacter Clean or Vibrant, they’ll just see much slower
algae film growth rate, or at least a spread
or visual signs of it. These types of bacteria don’t
readily reproduce in sea water so you do need to dose
them to be effective. So those are some of the
ways to reduce the speed at which the algae film
shows up on the glass, but you will have to clean it at least a couple times a month. I suggest two tools for that. First, is the Aquablade
scraper for glass, 24 inches. It’s inexpensive, strong,
cleans the glass easily, particularly useful on
the back of the tank. Second, almost everyone graduates to a magnet scraper at some point. These have a scrubbier
blade on the inside, they’re magnetically coupled
to a felt pad on the outside, which effectively cleans the inside and the outside of the
tank at the same time. For the 40 gallon breeder,
we’re gonna go with the Flipper, which is by far the number one and the most popular with reefers. It’s a good value at a price
point, and it gets its name from its ability to flip back and forth from scrubby side to blade side, but most reefers probably
use the blade-side the most. Dollar for dollar, the
Flipper is hard to beat. That said, for the you in seventy, my personal favorite is
the Algae Free Piranha, which is around 20 dollars more. The magnets are significantly stronger. I believe the wood block’s attractive, but most importantly, when
the inside gets disconnected, it floats to the top. I mean I don’t have to get my
arm wet digging around for it. End of story, keeping my
arm dry for years to come is worth the 20 bucks. Both the Flipper and Algae Free offer replacement cleaning
pads, as well as blades, and you just need to replace
them from time to time. Okay, so the glass is clean,
I’m sure you’ve been wondering what a water change looks like. There’s a hard way and an easy way, and I’m sure you want the easy way. The entire five minute
guide’s always available here, but if you want to do
water changes the easy way, and learn some important
steps, this is it.


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